Year 10 Subjects

Compulsory Subjects


Year 10 English focuses on appreciating and creating language in a wide variety of forms. Through reading, viewing and listening, you will encounter and respond to a range of interesting texts, including films, novels, poetry and plays. You will also be encouraged and extended in your own creative use of written, visual and oral language. As well as the literature you will study in class, Year 10 English also places a strong emphasis on personal reading as an important way of increasing your skills and confidence in English, as well as in your other subjects.

Health and Physical Education

In Year 10, Health and Physical Education go into further depth on topics covered in Year 9. We provide opportunities for increased development of leadership and interpersonal skills throughout the year. In Health, students focus on issues related to personal growth and development, looking at strategies for enhancing well-being, how to stay safe, and decision-making.  The course emphasis is on participation, effort and giving things a go.


The Year 10 Mathematics programme is a continuation of what is done in Year 9. All classes work through Number, Measurement, Patterns and Relationships, Statistics, Geometry, Trigonometry, Algebra and Probability topics. Able students are encouraged to enter Maths Competitions to challenge themselves further. There is flexibility within the programme for all students to extend themselves and to develop good problem solving skills.  


In Year 10 Science, we continue and build on what was learnt in Year 9. You will have the opportunity to investigate the world around you and understand how all things are interconnected. You will do experiments and research ideas. In Science, we try to uncover the truth of the universe, we study the very big (galaxies and stars) and the very small (atoms and their electrons). We also look at the big issues, such as Climate Change and the Environment, as well as the ethical issues like genetic engineering and xenotransplantation. Science isn’t just about finding the answers; it’s also about asking the right questions.

Social Studies

Our Year 10 programme is based around the theme of “Searching for a Fairer World”. This theme allows studies that draw on topics, events and ideas with global, national, local and personal contexts, and explore and question past, current and future values and priorities. We do four common studies across all classes. These examine issues, events and ideas that have a New Zealand focus but require comparisons and explorations in different places at different times.


Options (choose THREE)


The Year 10 Art programme is set up to prepare students for the Level One NCEA course. Units of work focus on fundamental art-making skills. Drawing strategies and painting techniques are central to the course, with photographic or printmaking processes being explored depending of the classroom teacher. Students research and plan work in their visual diaries using artist models to guide the development of ideas.  


Year 10 Dance builds on what was learnt in Year 9. Students will be exposed to new genres of Dance, as well as developing further understanding of key concepts and ideas around Dance Performance and Choreography. They will be provided with more opportunities to choreograph their own dances and further chances to perform in front of audiences.  


The Year 10 Drama programme is designed to develop the skills that students were introduced to in Year 9. The focus is on developing great performance skills. There are four main areas that are covered during the year. These include: Process Drama, Shakespeare, Site-specific theatre, and finally the Junior Christmas Show. In the Process drama section, students explore social issues around primary and secondary source material, using Devising techniques. The Shakespeare section is where students get to perform sections of the Bard’s plays to their whanau in our Junior Shakespeare competition evening. In the Site-specific theatre section, students visit Toitu and choose an exhibit/site to inspire their own piece of theatre. They then perform this to their whanau at the museum. The final section is our famous Junior Christmas show, where students perform one of our original pantomimes in front of invited Primary schools. A great high energy end to their school year!


The Year 10 Music course will develop your skills, knowledge and experience in a wide variety of music and performance. The course includes a range of performance activities, each with a different focus. You will also develop skills in composition by using computer technologies, as well as knowledge of melody, harmony, structure, music theory knowledge and aural ability. In addition, you will study how musical styles have developed in historical and cultural contexts through exploration of jazz and blues, popular music of the 1960’s, and western art (classical) music. Students at this level would be expected to have at least a basic level of ability on an instrument, and will be encouraged to continue instrumental tuition.  Extension activities in all areas of the curriculum will be provided for students with more advanced skill level. The course will develop the entry level requirements for NCEA level 1. All students are expected to participate with enthusiasm in all activities!

Design and Visual Communication

At Year 10, students expand on their ability to develop and clearly communicate their ideas through sketching, formal pictorial drawing, multi-view drawing and model making. They will be introduced to the design process and the use of design language, describing their research, analysing and evaluating their ideas as they develop solutions to real world problems. DVC leads to a wide variety of careers such as architecture, product design, advertising and media design, interior decorating and environmental design.

Digital Technology

Digital Technology offers an array of opportunities for students to learn how to design their own digital solutions and become creators of, not just users of, Digital Technologies. Students will have a greater appreciation for the past/present/future of Digital Technology and will develop a project based on virtual reality worlds, wearable technology, ‘The Internet of Things’, artificial intelligence and robots/chatbots. This is followed by digital manipulation using Photoshop, producing a teenage focused magazine, creating a music video using Premiere Pro and developing skills in animation. Students will also explore Computer Science concepts using Python (programming language) to plan, design and create computer games of student choice and user interface design. Students are encouraged to extend their knowledge and build on their own skills to succeed in a world of change. This leads into senior subject choices of Digital Design Technology and/or Computer Science at Levels 1, 2 and 3.

Fabric Technology

Fabric Technology provides an opportunity to work through a design process and to use informed planning to guide students through the technological process. This includes design and problem solving, research, functional modelling, patternmaking, outcome development and evaluation. Students will be encouraged to explore a range of materials and processes relating to the issue(s) within given and self-selected contexts.  In Year 10 Fabric Technology, students have the opportunity to develop up to four different outcomes, however only two are used for assessment purposes. This allows students to develop an individualised learning plan.  Extension opportunities are always encouraged, and garment construction is included within the course for these students.

Food Technology

This course is a dynamic programme for students who may be passionate about cooking and designing food products, becoming a chef, or food technologist, while developing culinary skills and an understanding of food hygiene and safety. Students will develop and make their own food products using the technology design process, including hamburgers, vegetarian family meals, sports drinks and Kiwiana ice cream. After looking at the development of the NZ eating pattern, students will be able to explore a culture of their choice and create a dish that reflects the flavours and cooking methods from that culture. While the focus is on learning key skills, Food Technology also develops literacy skills for students through research, ideas, problem-solving and project management. It offers a good introduction to the many opportunities in the food industry, leading on to Food Technology at Level 1, 2 and 3 or Hospitality at Level 1, 2 and 3.

Materials Technology Metal

Students work on three units during the year. They have the freedom to develop design ideas, with some restrictions, towards products of their own choice within the following themes:

  1. A sheet metal container

  2. A ‘Hot Stuff’ unit using any combination of forging, welding / brazing

  3. Aluminium casting, using the greensand method, including making the wood pattern for their design.

Any of the above may involve use of various machining processes available.

Their class time includes learning and practising the safe and correct use of the various equipment and processes involved in their projects. The time allocated to individual students is variable, depending on the complexity of individual projects. A large part of workshop activities includes the personal and social skills involved in working cooperatively together, while making progress on their individual tasks.

Materials Technology Wood

At Year 10, students will expand on their ability to develop knowledge and skills in the use of a range of tools, equipment and materials such as wood, manufactured board, acrylic plastics and finishing techniques. They will be introduced to the design process as they develop a brief, research and develop ideas and manage their time and resources to develop solutions to real world problems. Materials Technology (Wood) may lead to many career opportunities including cabinet making, carpentry and product design.


At Year 10, students continue to develop understanding and use of familiar expressions and everyday vocabulary, as well as understanding and constructing simple texts using their knowledge of French. They continue to develop the ability to describe aspects of their own background and immediate environment.


In Year 10, we will be speaking in Korean as much as possible, using gestures to help us. This course will introduce students to the Korean language and culture, building on the base you developed in the Year 9 Korean Course. You will continue to study the grammatical structures and vocabulary from the New Zealand Curriculum.  This is leading you towards NCEA Level 1 Korean in Year 11.


In Year 10, students will extend knowledge of Roman and relevant Greek history, culture and mythology, extend grammar knowledge and written and oral competence gained in Year 9, complete individualised topics on aspects of Roman society, and begin to work on a personalised programme of learning based on the Oxford Latin course textbook and other resources. Students may choose to compete in the Junior Classics Quiz.


At Year 10, students are further developing their understanding and use of familiar expressions and everyday vocabulary. They can use familiar language with some flexibility and pick up some new language from its context. They can read and write a variety of simple text types using their knowledge of Te reo Māori. They continue to develop the ability to describe aspects of their own background and immediate environment. By the end of this year they can cope with a variety of routine situations when talking to speakers of Te reo Māori. They develop further awareness and understanding of typical cultural conventions/ tikanga that operate in interpersonal communication. They can use and respond to language, including directions and requests, that is likely to occur in familiar Māori. They are becoming more confident in using a range of language learning strategies.


Currently, Year 10 Japanese is offered through NetNZ Distance Learning.